Origin and Background
Suggestopedia as a method of teaching, learning and human development was first developed by the Bulgarian scientist Prof. Dr. Georgi Lozanov (Lozanov, 1978, 2005, 2009, Lozanov and Gateva, 1988, etc.). Suggestopedia derives from psychotherapy (Prof. Lozanov was a famous psychotherapist himself, later a graduate of pedagogy) and explores the role of suggestion in addition to other factors in the process of learning communication. Suggestion is broadly understood as the essential ability of human beings to be spontaneously exposed to, to be free to select from and be affected by numerous less conscious and subconscious factors while interacting with the reality such as authority and prestige, intonation and rhythm, second plane of communication, infantilisation, concentrated relaxation. ( “means of suggestion”). Prof. Lozanov is the first one to try to organize various suggestive factors, to integrate them with the conscious activities of the human mind and apply them in the teaching process with the single aim of accelerating learning and opening up the human potential. For the first time he deliberately introduced in the teaching materials large information units and successfully challenged learners` memory capacity. For this reason suggestopedia is alternatively named (Lozanov) reservopedia, i.e. tapping the reserves of the mind. Prof. Lozanov argues that his teaching method develops not only aspects but rather a whole “reserve complex” of the learner (see later “suggestopedic reserve complex”).